The Observatory of Islamophobia in the Media launches its Report 2017, including results obtained from the monitoring of Islamophobic contents published in 6 Spanish newspapers. According to this report, available only in Spanish, most articles on Muslims are Islamophobic and dominated by the issue of terrorism and gender Islamophobia.

During 2017, the Observatory of Islamophobia in the Media examined more than 1600 articles from six Spanish national newspapers: El País, El Mundo, La Razón, La Vanguardia, eldiario.es and 20 minutos.

The analysis process is established by subjecting the news to quantitative and qualitative analysis, and the degree of islamophobia is classified according to the Observatory's "islamophobia traffic light", whose colours determine the different degrees detected: red (active islamophobia), amber (passive islamophobia) and green (no islamophobia).

Results

  • The most of the articles on Islam and/or Muslims are Islamophobic: 60% of the news analysed in 2017 are Islamophobic (passive or active)
  • Opinion is more Islamophobic than information: 72% of opinion articles are Islamophobic.
  • Islam is associated with negative elements: 90% of news about Islam and/or Muslims refer to a negative aspect
  • The issue of terrorism dominates information about Islam: out of 1,659 articles examined, 1,150 deal with terrorism
  • Gender Islamophobia is flagrant: more than 65% of the analyzed articles dealing with Muslim women or the hijab are Islamophobic.
  • Among the various media analysed, La Razón is the one that has improved the most during 2017, but it was also the newspaper that started from the highest levels of Islamophobia. On average, 50% of the Islam news published in La Razón in 2017 was clearly Islamophobic (red), to which should be added 25% classified in amber.
  • 80% of El País's news about Islam and/or Muslims are Islamophobic, although in this case the news classified as amber predominates.
  • After the 17-A attack in Barcelona, there was some contention regarding information and, in fact, the percentage of Islamophobia was reduced.
  • There has been a positive development in the discourse on refugees. Almost 60% of the articles on refugees dealt with this issue in a more positive way and with fewer Islamophobic opinions.

All details on the methodology can be founded on the OBSERVATORY's website  and in the FULL REPORT (Only available in Spanish) 

The Observatory is an initative led by IEMed and Al Fanar Foundation, which since its creation in 2017 has had the support of the Euro-Arab Foundation, the Three Cultures of the Mediterranean Foundation and Casa Árabe, as well as the Mare Nostrum Campus (University of Murcia and the Polytechnic University of Cartagena), that joined in 2018.

 

Recomendaciones del Informe

Fruto del trabajo de detección y análisis de contenidos islamófobos en la prensa escrita, el informe incluye también recomendaciones en línea con la vocación propositiva y de colaboración con los medios:

  • Evitar el sensacionalismo y las generalizaciones
  • Acabar con las referencias inapropiadas a la religión, la etnia o la cultura.
  • Prestar atención a la elección del título así como a las imágenes utilizadas.
  • Dar voces de personas musulmanas que destacan por sus méritos y no por su fe.
  • Dar visibilidad al feminismo dentro de las comunidades musulmanas.
  • Comprobar la información con fuentes fidedignas y equilibrar la fuentes.
  • Denunciar los partidos o políticos que se alimentan de la islamofobia para arañar votos.
  • Usar una terminología correcta y justa.

Malas prácticas detectadas

  • Titulares sensacionalistas
  • Uso exagerado y no fundamentado de cifras (falso cientifismo)
  • Uso erróneo y/o abuso de vocabulario propio de la doctrina islámica
  • Falta de fuentes, enlaces y datos que corroboran las tesis sostenidas
  • Desconocimiento de la demografía española y tendencia a etiquetar como extranjeros a los musulmanes españoles y/o afincados en España
  • Demonización de la religión islámica
  • Referencias al islam como ideología militar
  • Demandas legítimas de la población musulmana son retratadas como “una imposición caprichosa“
  • Retrato sexista de las personas musulmanas
  • Instrumentalización de las comunidades LGBTI (homonacionalismo)
  • Generalizaciones que estigmatizan a menores, mujeres y varones musulmanes (o considerados como tales)
  • Visibilización de un «choque de religiones»
  • Negación de la existencia de la islamofobia
  • Instrumentalización del islam para abordar todo tipo de temas no relacionados

Informe 2017 del Observatorio de la Islamofobia de los Medios

Coordinación del Observatorio y edición del informe: Pedro Rojo y Lurdes Vidal

Autores: Aurora Ali, Moussa Bourekba, Mónica Carrión, Ghufran Khir Allah, M. Dolores López, Jordi Padilla, Felipe Sahagún

Corrección: Jaume Aubareda

Diseño: Núria Esparza

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